Morse Code Symbols and Sounds

The Morse CodeThe popular view of Morse code (aka CW, Continuous Wave) as a collection of dots and dashes is the first thing one must forget when trying to learn morse code! For this reason, you will not find the usual table of letters and their corresponding dot/dash equivalents. What you will see is a table of the letters and their sound equivalents.It is far better to learn to associate a letter with a sound from the beginning, rather than trying to translate the sound into a letter via dots and dashes. The table below shows the sounds for the letters, numbers, punctuation and some of the common procedural signals often used in amateur radio contacts.

The Letters of the Alphabet

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M

di-dah
dah-di-di-dit
dah-di-dah-dit
dah-di-dit
dit
di-di-dah-dit
dah-dah-dit
di-di-di-dit
di-dit
di-dah-dah-dah
dah-di-dah
di-dah-di-dit
dah-dah

N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

dah-dit
dah-dah-dah
di-dah-dah-dit
dah-dah-di-dah
di-dah-dit
di-di-dit
dah
di-di-dah
di-di-di-dah
di-dah-dah
dah-di-di-dah
dah-di-dah-dah
dah-dah-di-dit

The Numbers

1
2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9
0

di-dah-dah-dah-dah
di-di-dah-dah-dah
di-di-di-dah-dah
di-di-di-di-dah
di-di-di-di-dit
dah-di-di-di-dit
dah-dah-di-di-dit
dah-dah-dah-di-dit
dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
dah-dah-dah-dah-dah

Punctuation

Question Mark
Full Stop (Period)
Comma

di-di-dah-dah-di-dit
di-dah-di-dah-di-dah
dah-dah-di-di-dah-dah

Prosigns

Stroke (/)
Break Sign (= or BT)
End of Message (+ or AR)
End of Work (SK)
Error
Wait (AS)
Open invitation to transmit (K)
Invitation to named station (KN)
Closing Station (CL)

dah-di-di-dah-dit
dah-di-di-di-dah
di-dah-di-dah-dit
di-di-di-dah-di-dah
di-di-di-di-di-di-di-dit
di-dah-di-di-dit
dah-di-dah
dah-di-dah-dah-dit
dah-di-dah-di-di-dah-di-dit